" Doc , I'm really sick if arguably no complaints ? "
" Doc , abnormal laboratory why but I feel good ? "

Beware 7 Symptoms of the disease without it

Probably most of us have asked so when was convicted of a disease, but we feel physically healthy . It's true , some diseases do not give complaint at the beginning stage .

In fact, when symptoms appear , the disease may have deteriorated or have an advanced stage. Here are diseases that need to be careful because often causes no symptoms and do not realize .

1 . High blood pressure and high cholesterol

These two problems are very popular in the community. High blood pressure and high cholesterol are essentially not give complaints to the victim. Ideally, the normal blood pressure for adults is = 120/80 mmHg, and when I called rank high voltage = 140 /90 and grade II hypertension when blood pressure = 160 /100. Blood pressure greater than 180/120 is also called hypertension crisis ( dangerous).

But ironically , high up = 200/120 sometimes gives no symptoms ! But in most cases, people are just complaining mild dizziness and moderate pain. Not surprisingly, many people do not know and do not seek treatment because there are no complaints. There is a misperception. Knowingly or not, the actual impact hypertension occurred when pressure = 120/ 80; effect damage accumulates until many years later , a new cause of heart disease and blood. Especially for a hypertensive crisis , the danger of stroke , heart disease , and rupture of a blood vessel can threaten at any time.

Similar is the case with high cholesterol . High cholesterol levels is like a time bomb that will accumulate in the blood vessels or heart tissue ( fatty liver ) and can be fatal. In fact , the remedy is very simple and relatively inexpensive.

2 . Chronic renal failure

The main function of the kidneys is to filter the blood and eliminate the remnants of metabolism in urine. However , renal failure is not always marked by problems of urine or urination. In my experience, only realized when the symptoms are entered stage III or IV , and some even have direct dialysis ( hemodialysis) . Sad to see the condition.

Called chronic kidney disease ( kidney disease / chronic CKD ) when renal function decreased gradually . It is feared that CKD patients on renal replacement action is (regular dialysis or a kidney transplant ) when it comes to a terminal stage ( stage V). CKD stage IV will not return to Phase II or III again, and so on, so that the goal of therapy is to prevent the deterioration of renal function .

What is the cause of chronic kidney disease? Number one is that uncontrolled diabetes mellitus (continuous hyperglycemia) , and the other is uncontrolled hypertension .

3 . Diabetes mellitus (DM)

Especially in Indonesia , diabetes or diabetes mellitus are still many who are not detected. Sometimes new patients coming for treatment after heart , kidney disease, sores that do not heal wounds that had rotted up well . Although the cause is simple: high levels of blood sugar .

It should be admitted, the doctor is difficult to determine exactly when the disease actually begins. There is a literature that says if HbA1c = 6.5 (which is the benchmark diagnostic DM ) is already micro vascular disease in the retina of the eye due to high sugar levels ( retinopathy) .

Some patients complain of symptoms initially 3P : polyuria ( frequent urination ) , polydipsia ( frequent thirst ) and polyphagia ( frequent hunger ) , and weight loss for no reason. It is a classic symptom of diabetes. Although it had appeared, the symptoms are often overlooked or not considered important. In fact , the complaint may open the door to early detection and appropriate DM .

4 . osteoporosis

Who does not know this disease? Although familiar , but you and I do not know if you go through the bone or not. The osteoporosis have no symptoms or complaints , patients often arrive already with pain due to fractures ( fractures) or the incidence of falls due to brittle bones . The highest rates of osteoporosis occurs in postmenopausal women , especially those with low weight .

Sure way to detect early bone density is by examination (bone densitometry ) , or in early cases can be done with radiological examinations . But unfortunately , it was not a routine inspection conducted on healthy people .

5. Coronary heart disease ( CHD)

Remember Masihkan figure artist and a young politician with a great part of the body and regular exercise , but he died suddenly due to a heart attack? Yes , it is not surprising CHD called the number one killer . In medicine , male sex and age = 45 years (yet another plus factor ) is included as a risk factor for coronary heart disease.

CHD usually appears as a left chest pain, such as reduced body weight, which sometimes spreads to the arms , lower jaw and shoulders. In other words, there is a blockage in the coronary arteries. But in fact , CHD can occur without any symptoms ! Patients may fall suddenly lying why unnoticed. After reviewing the record of the heart , then know that the patient has CHD .

6 . Sexually transmitted infections (HIV and hepatitis)

The disease is probably different group of five that have been discussed previously . However , sexually transmitted infections such as HIV and hepatitis can occur without any symptoms. In addition to not causing any symptoms , the disease spreads easily if not careful !
In the case of HIV , it took many years for the virus in the blood to appear as a symptom.

Many new patients are known to have contracted HIV after him many other secondary infections. As we know , HIV patients have low immunity so prone to infection. In other words , the HIV virus does not kill the patient directly , but through secondary infections. HIV patients more likely to die of tuberculosis or hepatitis C.

Fortunately, testing for HIV and hepatitis were regularly performed on healthy people , for example when applying for a job. Writers often find someone discovered he was suffering from chronic hepatitis B during a routine inspection when applying for work. Suddenly, the lab results show the interest posititf HBsAg ( hepatitis B markers ) . He does not know from what source , and said he had no intravenous drugs , free sex , or blood transfusions. And there is no health problems for this: only the pure laboratory results are problematic.

That is the problem of hepatitis B. In Indonesia , the majority of cases occur due to infection of chronic hepatitis B through the placenta in the uterus. For example, a pregnant woman with hepatitis B positive , the baby has a very high risk for hepatitis as well, but the nature of chronic illness : there are no symptoms in the early years .

7 . Hepatic cirrhosis ( liver removal )

And chronic renal failure , chronic liver can also cause changes in the structure and function decline . Called cirrhosis of the liver , when normal cells are dead, replaced by fibrous fibers, reducing its size, and can not be recovered again. This condition is usually detected in the liver by ultrasound.

However, the story is somewhat different from the above diseases . Patients usually have a history of liver disease that gradually and not treated until there was cirrhosis. Is the most common causes of chronic hepatitis are ignored because there are no symptoms . Until one day , the patient vomiting blood or swelling occurred indicating cirrhosis.

In fact, all diseases not cause symptoms at first. Grievances rather indicate that the disease has entered the stage, even terminal. Here comes the importance for all of us to be vigilant and ready to check health. Check your blood pressure , blood sugar in the blood, and be aware of all the risk factors are the simple things nan essential to prevent seven diseases above. Quoting an old adage , it is always better than cure . And even then , if the disease can be treated.


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